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L’impression 3D ravive le débat sur les armes aux États-Unis

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1 — Télécharger une arme pour l’imprimer en 3D aux États-Unis ? 8 états s’y opposent in extremis
2 — 3D guns: Untraceable, undetectable and unstoppable?
3 — Meet the man who might have brought on the age of ‘downloadable guns’
4 — A 3D printed gun is downloadable death
5 — Gun Buyers May Be Softening Toward Smart Guns
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L’impression 3D ravive le débat sur les armes aux États-Unis

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Par Geraldine Russell - 03 août 2018 / 07H00

Chaque vendredi, dans sa revue de presse, Maddyness vous propose une sélection d’articles sur un sujet chaud qui ont retenu l’attention de la rédaction. Cette semaine, le débat sur la possibilité aux États-Unis d'imprimer des armes en 3D.

Télécharger une arme pour l’imprimer en 3D aux États-Unis ? 8 états s’y opposent in extremis

Les faits

Ce 1er août 2018, les Américains auraient pu se rendre sur un site dont nous ne donnerons pas le lien pour télécharger un fichier permettant d’obtenir une arme via une imprimante 3D. Une opportunité qui fait froid dans le dos et qui est la conséquence d’une longue bataille juridique entre le propriétaire du site et le gouvernement américain — encore en cours grâce à 8 états qui ont porté plainte à la dernière minute. « La victoire légale est le commencement formel d’une ère pour les armes téléchargeables. Les armes peuvent être autant téléchargeables que des musiques. Il y aura des services de streaming pour les semi-automatiques », se réjouit Cody Wilson, le premier à avoir mis en ligne le plan d’une arme, cité par TechCrunch le 11 juillet 2018. À ses yeux, c’est le début d’un commerce florissant. Lire la suite sur Numerama

3D guns: Untraceable, undetectable and unstoppable?

Le décryptage

In December 2013, a federal law requiring that all guns be detectable by metal screening machines was extended for another 10 years. The law prohibits guns that don’t contain enough metal to trigger screening machines commonly found in airports, courthouses and other secure areas accessible to the public. Plastic gun designs got around this restriction by containing a metal block that could be removed and that the firearm could function without. In June, Sen. Bill Nelson, D-Florida, introduced a bill in the Senate that would amend the Undetectable Firearms Act to prohibit firearms that do not have a major component that can be detected at airport security screening. Lire la suite sur CNN

Meet the man who might have brought on the age of ‘downloadable guns’

Le portrait

During the summer of 2012, Cody Wilson hung around J&J, a car-repair shop run by two “goofy” guys in their late 20s. The Austin warehouse was crowded with engine blocks, car parts and Pelican boxes that never seemed to have been opened, but the 24-year-old came as he pleased, with access to shop machinery. He had spent the larger part of his second year at the University of Texas Law School learning how to operate a 3-D printer. Familiar with the robust gun culture of the South from his Boy Scout years in Arkansas, he soon began to wonder whether he could create the first fully 3-D-printed, functional firearm. Lire la suite dans le Washington Post

A 3D printed gun is downloadable death

Le coup de gueule

It is not hyperbole to say that this could mean the end of our ability to have meaningful gun violence prevention in America. There are those who will say that 3D printing of guns is not a major issue — that it’s unpractical or too expensive, but many people said the same thing about tablets, e-readers, cell phones, laptops, home printers, computers and cars. And in 2013, for a printer that then cost less than $2,000, it was possible to make a plastic gun that successfully fired at least 9 shots. Does anybody think the technology is worse or more expensive than it was five years ago? It’s not. You can now buy a 3D printer for less than $100. You could buy a printer fully capable of producing this gun for less than $1,000. The gun itself cost just $25 in materials to make — in 2013. Imagine the damage one of these guns, even if it was only capable of firing one shot, could do aboard a plane. Or in a government office. Or in your child’s classroom. Lire la tribune d’Alyssa Milano sur CNN

Gun Buyers May Be Softening Toward Smart Guns

La bonne idée ? (article publié en février 2018)

Jonathan Mossberg built a prototype for a smart gun, which was a chip in a ring that you wear and corresponding technology in a gun. It has no battery, is waterproof and, he says, can’t be hacked. Transmitting at a centimeter distance, it means “as soon as I let go of the gun, it’s off.” He tried first to sell it to police, who “don’t want any part of this, because of cost and retraining,” he said. He also surveyed consumers, who seemed to think the idea was good, but didn’t want to trust a gun with a circuit board. After mass shootings started, Columbine, Newtown and others, he dusted off the idea of the smart guns. They wouldn’t stop a mass shooting, but like gun locks, they could prevent many accidental deaths or cases where a gun is turned against an owner. They would also prevent some of the most heartbreaking gun deaths: kids who who play with their parents’ guns. Lire la suite sur Forbes

Par

Geraldine Russell

03 août 2018 / 07H00
mis à jour le 03 août 2018
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