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Défaite historique pour Uber en Californie, la gig economy vacille

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1 — Historique ! La Californie accorde aux chauffeurs VTC d'Uber et Lift le statut d'employés
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1 — Historique ! La Californie accorde aux chauffeurs VTC d'Uber et Lift le statut d'employés
2 — En Californie, la loi qui menace le modèle économique d’Uber
3 — Your questions about the so-called gig economy, answered
4 — Confusion and Defiance Follow California’s New Contractor Law
5 — Uber Claims It's Exempt From California Gig Economy Law Because It's a 'Platform,' Not a Taxi Company
6 — Take That ‘Gig’ and Shove It
7 — The gig economy has costs. We can no longer ignore them
Technologies

Défaite historique pour Uber en Californie, la gig economy vacille

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Par Geraldine Russell - 13 septembre 2019 / 08H00

Chaque vendredi, dans sa revue de presse, Maddyness vous propose une sélection d’articles sur un sujet qui a retenu l’attention de la rédaction. Cette semaine, les déboires d'Uber en Californie.

Historique ! La Californie accorde aux chauffeurs VTC d'Uber et Lift le statut d'employés

L’actu

En vertu d’un texte adopté par l’assemblée de Californie, qui entrera en vigueur le 1er janvier 2020, les chauffeurs qui travaillaient comme indépendants pour ces plateformes devront désormais être considérés comme des employés dès lors qu’ils travaillent principalement ou régulièrement pour elles. Une requalification qui leur permettra de bénéficier de la protection sociale dont ils étaient privés jusque-là (chômage, maladie, retraite, temps de travail et salaires minimum, etc). Lire l’article de La Tribune

En Californie, la loi qui menace le modèle économique d’Uber

L’analyse

Des centaines de milliers de Californiens, qui travaillent grâce au système de réservation et de paiement sur Internet inventé par les pionniers des véhicules de tourisme avec chauffeur (VTC), auront bientôt droit aux protections habituelles des salariés. Il s’agit, entre autres, d’un salaire minimum, de rémunérations plus élevées en cas d’heures supplémentaires et de congés payés. C’est brusquement tout le modèle économique des plateformes VTC, concurrentes des taxis traditionnels, qui s’effondre. Lire l’article du Figaro

Your questions about the so-called gig economy, answered

L’éclairage

What is the gig economy?

If you’ve ever been a freelancer, a temp or really any sort of independent contractor, you’ve participated in the gig economy. « Gigs » in this sense are essentially short-term or project-based work, and « gig workers » are the independent contractors hired to do those jobs. The gig economy is essentially based on corporations who contract these people for temporary jobs, rather than hiring for permanent positions. Lire l’article de CNN

Confusion and Defiance Follow California’s New Contractor Law

Le grand flou

“California sets off a chain reaction,” said Dan Ives, a managing director of equity research at Wedbush who tracks the ride-hailing industry. “The worry is that the wildfire spreads.” In California, religious groups said they feared that small churches and synagogues would not be able to afford making pastors and rabbis employees. Winemakers and franchise owners said they were worried they could be ensnared by the law, too. Even some of the contractors for the app-based businesses that have been at the center of this debate said the change could hurt them if companies like Uber, Lyft and DoorDash decided to restrict how often they could work or cut them off entirely. Lire l’article du New York Times

Uber Claims It's Exempt From California Gig Economy Law Because It's a 'Platform,' Not a Taxi Company

La défense

Uber is a company that makes the Uber app. The Uber app has various functions, the core of which—ridesharing—generated $9.2 billion in revenue last year, far more than its other ventures like scooters, food delivery, and freight. It is patently obvious that individuals who drive Uber rideshares for Uber customers are engaged in the “usual course” of Uber’s business, and that Uber controls the terms of work for those drivers (minimum Uber ratings, Uber-set pricing and compensation, etc.), just like it is patently obvious that those other ventures are, too. Not so, says Uber! In its opinion, Uber’s “usual course” of business is being a “technology platform for several different types of digital marketplaces.” Lire l’article de Gizmodo

Take That ‘Gig’ and Shove It

Le billet

Contractors are workers paid by a company, but not protected by most workplace laws. They are not guaranteed a minimum wage, overtime pay or any other benefits, for example. The use of contractors can serve a legitimate purpose, as when a company pays an expert to perform a specific task. But companies have taken advantage of the law, hiring large numbers of contractors whom they have treated as an inferior grade of employee. The practice is pervasive, but it has reached new extremes with the rise of companies like Uber and Lyft, whose business models are built on the use of such contractors. Lire l’édito du New York Times

The gig economy has costs. We can no longer ignore them

La tribune

If workers want to go into business for themselves as independent contractors, they will continue to have that choice after AB5 is signed into law. There will always be a place in the California economy for those who want to be their own boss and contract their services to law-abiding businesses. But the time is up for unscrupulous employers who claim their workers are “independent” in order to cut corners on costs. Lire la tribune de Lorena Gonzalez, la députée à l’origine de la loi, dans le Washington Post

Par

Geraldine Russell

13 septembre 2019 / 08H00
mis à jour le 12 septembre 2019
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